On May 22nd AD354 a young man called Paulinus was born in Nola near Naples. He was a Roman Nobleman and Senator and had associations with Bourdeaux and northern Spain. He was known as Pontificus Meropius Anicius Paulinus and later ( according to one source) became St Paulinus. But because Saint's days are normally their dob and the 22nd May is not St Paulinus's day then this is unlikely to be the case


It was recorded by Nennius (9th century Welsh Monk), in his Historia Brittonum, that Paulinjus adopted the name Rhun ap Urien of Rheged. having visited Rheged centre just off the A66 in the lake district the name Urien was mentioned but in relation to the legend of King Arthur a much more interesting subject to the general public.


Sometime before AD600 another young man called Paulinus was born. Nothing known about him until the age of 18, he became a Monk at St. Andrew's Monastery in Rome. The next time he appeared on the radar when he was sent by Pope St Gregory the Great (The original Gregorian Chant) with St. Mellius, Justus and Rufinianus to carry the Pallium to St Augustine in England.


The Pallium, originated as the Omophor worn by Eastern Orthodox Bishops, was originally the red woollen cloak, an ecclesiastical vestment in the Roman Catholic Church, worn exclusively by the Pope. It is made of lamb's wool by Trappist Monks. It has become the three fingered broad band, with a loop, collar or yoke, which goes around the neck, worn by metropolitans and primates issued by the Pope as a symbol of the jurisdiction delegated to them by the Hole See. worn by the present Pope on one occasion during his visit to this country. It is slightly narrower than the thickness of the sides of the two grand pillars that stood at the entrance or porchway of King Solomon's Temple.


When Paulinus and party arrived in England in 601, they discovered that St Augustine had recently died. Paulinus did not return to Rome and went on a mission to East Anglia before 616 and was then made a Bishop in order to be sent north in 625 as Chaplain to Ethelberga, the sister to Edwin the pagan King of Northumberland with his headquarters in York. Not ot be confused with present day Northumbria. It stretched from the north bank of the Humber (hence the name) as far north as the Clyde and the Firth of Forth well north of HAdrians wall, which crosses the countyr from the north bank of the Tyne at Wallsend.


He is said to have converted the king and many nobles to Christianity by his persuasive eloquence at a gathering at Godham near York where Gorfi, the high priest of theOdin faith, invited Paulinus to address the assembly or parliament. He used the allegory that life was like a banquet in a great hall. Man is at his birth like a sparrow that flies in a window at one end of the hall from the cold and inhospitable darkness knowing nothing, flying briefly through the light, warm, comfortable and happy life on this earth to disappear through a window at the other end on his death back into the dark and cold unknown. This and the enlightenment of the Christian Faith received in the banqueting hall, with the promise of a life after death was enough to encourage the conversion. I would hazard a guess that the pagan's hedged their bets by continuing to worship Odin as well.


St.Bede (the venerable 672 - 735) recorded information from the Abbott of Paertaneu in Lincolnshire, who learned from an old man baptised by Paulinus in the Trent, that he was a tall man with a slight stoop, black hair and a thin face with a narrow aquiline (eagles beak) nose. He is credited with many baptisms in the river Swale at Cataractum, present day Catterick, Brafferton and Easingwold, also at Dewsbury and Southwell. In 627 he built a small church close to the site of the present minster in York, as well as at Campoduno (now Leeds), Dewsbury, Southwell and Whalley. At the insistence of Blaecca, the Praefectus of Lindum Colonia (City of Lincoln) in ancient Lindsey, he built a church which is almost certainly St Paul's in the Bail which was then the centre of the old and dilapidated Roman Forum. This was confirmed by the Lincoln Archaeological Society in 1978. If you want to know more about these go across to the other side of the Bail.


Paulinus can be found in Northumbria in Pallinsburn near Ford and St. Paulinus's Well as well as Paulin's Carr and the Cross of Paulinus near Easingwold.


A year later, 628, Paulinus returned to Kent in order that he could consecrate Honorius as the Archbishop of Canterbury.


Then in633 when Edwin was killed by Cadwallen and his Mercian allies in the battle of Hatfield Chase (near Thorne), he returned to Kent with the widowed Queen Ethelberga and became the Bishop of Rochester where he stayed until his death on 10th October 644. Saint's days are usually the date of birth but as this is not known the date of his death has been used


St Hugh 1255